At Glebefields Primary, children learn phonics throughout Early Years and Key Stage 1. It is taught daily, in short sessions so that children build up and practise the skills they need to use in reading and writing.
Practising the sounds correctly is really important!
Here is a video which shows you how to say all the sounds we work on with the children.
At our school, we now use the Letters and Sounds scheme as a basis for our planning and teaching of phonics. The scheme is based on six phases and below are details of each one.
Phase 1 (Covered in Nursery)
In this phase children learn to recognise sounds, begin to identify them around them and also develop their speaking and listening skills. The emphasis is to get children attuned to the sounds around them and ready to begin developing oral blending and segmenting skills.
Phase 2 (Covered in Reception)
In Phase 2, letters and their sounds are introduced one at a time. A set of letters is taught each week, in the following sequence:
Set 1: s, a, t, p
Set 2: i, n, m, d
Set 3: g, o, c, k
Set 4: ck, e, u, r
Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss
The children will begin to learn to blend and segment to help begin reading and spelling. This will begin with simple words e.g. at, sat, pat, pin.
Phase 3 (Covered in Reception)
By Phase 3 children will be able to blend and segment words taught with letters in Phase 2. Children will be taught a combination of constant and vowel digraphs and trigraphs.
Set 6: j, v, w, x
Set 7: y, z, zz, qu
Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng
Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo (book), oo (boot), ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er
Phase 4 (Started in Reception with the children who are ready)
This phase consolidates phases 1, 2 and 3. Children will be able to make links between phonemes and graphemes with confidence. They will blend phonemes to read CVC (consonant, vowel, consonant) words and segment CVC words for spelling.
Phase 5 (Usually covered in Year 1)
In this phase children will broaden their knowledge of letters and sounds. They will learn new graphemes and alternative pronunciations for these and graphemes they already know. They also learn about the split digraphs.
New graphemes for Reading: ay, ou, ie, ea, oy, ir, ue, aw, wh, ph, ew, oe, au,
Split digraphs: a_e, e_e, i_e, o_e, u_e
Alternative pronunciations (the same letter (grapheme) can represent more than one sound (phoneme)): fin/find, hot/cold, cat/cent, got/giant, but/put, cow/blow, tie/field, eat/bread, farmer/her, hat/what, yes/by/very, chin/school/chef, out/shoulder/could/you.
In each phase, children are also introduced to tricky words. These are the words that are irregular and that can’t be read usually the ‘normal’ decoding and blending taught. This means that phonics cannot be applied to the reading and spelling of these words. All children should be able to read and spell these words independently by the end of Year 1.
Phase 6 (Usually covered Year 2)
During this phase children become fluent readers and increasingly accurate spellers. This phase covers spellings and learning rules for spelling alternatives and homophones.
Children look at syllables, base words, analogy and mnemonics as aids to spelling correctly. Children learn to add a range of suffixes to words following spelling rules.
Suffixes: - ful, -ly, -y, -ment, -ness, -ing, -ed, -s, -es, -est, -er, -tion